Organizational safety performance is not necessarily synonymous with safe behavior. Safety outcomes, unlike safety behaviors, are not fully under an employee’s span of control. Blaming employees for incidents is too simplistic. The role of contextual influences must be considered when assessing organizational safety performance.
Safe workplaces are not simply characterized by a lack of accident occurrence. Rather, job characteristics, work designs leadership quality, safety training, and safety culture and climate all influence employee safety behaviors and, as a result, organizational safety performance. Knowledge of how these multiple drivers operate and interact provides a basis for the development of targeted interventions if needed, as well as accurate benchmarks for the tracking of safety performance over time.